Terpenes and Their Effect on Appetite and Metabolism

July 10, 2019

Cannabis plants have those secret benefits which people are still unaware of. Or we can say due to restrictions on it, experimentations were not possible until now. Yet, our ancient history holds proof that this magical plant has to offer numerous health benefits to the human body and mind.

Those who have a basic idea about cannabis would be familiar that it has over hundreds of active chemical compounds, 60 of which are cannabinoids. The amalgamation of these chemicals with the human body’s endocannabinoid system activates receptors in the brain and body to offer medicinal benefits treating several diseases.

Now, terpenes are another set of compounds found in the cannabis plants which are responsible for its aroma. These are gaining attraction for its medicinal properties. Let’s find out more about terpenes and its effect on appetite and metabolism.

Related article: Different High: Can Taking Weed Increase Your Metabolism?

Understanding Terpenes


Terpenes generally constitute of flavor and fragrance. It is an organic hydrocarbon synthesized in the secretory cells inside Glandular Trichomes of the plant. It is highly found in unfertilized female cannabis flowers before its gradual deterioration. In fact, these are naturally found in essential oils in various plants, especially conifers, citrus trees and in some insects like termites and swallowtail butterflies. Terpenes are on the FDA GRAS (generally recognized as safe) list making it safe for human consumption. Familiarize with the list to check out any specific terpene. And know the Ontario cannabis laws to make sure you abide by it if you live in that region.



Terpenes work similarly like cannabinoids (CBD) on our body by binding with receptors to create positive effects. Medicinal use of cannabis mostly considers including strains having high CBD potency than tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. They can easily dissolve in lipids or fats and work as a mood booster, enhances norepinephrine activity and GABA or gamma-Aminobutyric acid (relieves anxiety), and increases dopamine activity.

While THC stimulates appetite, terpene decreases the same. THCV is one such compound in cannabis well-known as an appetite suppressant. As for terpenes, ‘Humulene’ is equally credited for limiting hunger. There are a number of online stores who are widely selling such products like delicious appetizers, CBD gummies for pain, vaporizers and etc. One can buy them with ease and add them to their daily fitness routine.

There are more than 200 different types of terpenes to be found in the cannabis plant. We shall discuss a few of them below.    

Terpene Effect on Appetite


A study claims that regular cannabis users tend to be skinnier than others. There might be many reasons for it. Among the several types of terpenes, some especially can benefit your appetite and metabolism. If you are planning to lose weight, here are a few terpenes which you can consider-

  • Humulene- This is an earthy terpene extremely helpful as an appetite suppressant. It aids weight loss and suppresses hunger. Other potential properties found in humulene are anti-inflammatory, pain relief, anti-bacterial, and anti-tumor. It naturally is found in clove and basil apart from cannabis Sativa strains. It is a sesquiterpene and often blended with B-caryophyllene as a cure for inflammation. 

Related article: How to avoid munchies while high? 7 Helpful Tips & 9 healthy Munchies

  • Limonene- Limonene is a fruity and citrus terpene and smells like oranges and lemons. It does not have any toxic or adverse effects on the body. This citrusy terpene has anti-bacterial properties which suppress the growth of bacteria and fungi. It is rich in antioxidants making it ideal for regulating obesity issues and promoting weight loss. Besides that, it can also boost immunity, improve gallbladder health, fights cancer, and decreases anxiety.
  • Camphene- This is a bicyclic monoterpene that will give you strong camphor-like odor. Some natural sources of camphene are rosemary, lavender, ginger, citronella, etc. Camphene is predominantly found in cannabis indica strains and has antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also considered effective for controlling cardiovascular diseases. Studies indicate that camphene can help reduce Plasma Cholesterol and Triglycerides in the body and is an alternative lipid-lowering agent.      

Terpenes and Metabolism


The human body functions well when homeostasis is kept balanced. As mentioned above terpenes activate the receptors, CB1 and CB2, in the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of the human body. The ECS plays an important role in supporting the immune system, regulating signaling in the brain and maintaining heart rate, temperature, and respiration. Studies emphasize its function in the regulation of food intake and energy metabolism.

When ECS is unable to produce sufficient endocannabinoids naturally, it requires additional support. Terpenes or CBD in cannabis can aid the ECS system to produce the needed hormones. The imbalance effects communication within the system and hence disrupts homeostasis. This weakens our metabolism.

Related article: 4 Reasons Why I Exercise While High

Terpenes in cannabis bind with these receptors to result in profound benefits to human health conditions. These chemicals influence homeostasis within the body. The ECS or neuroendocrine system becomes more effective thereby producing necessary hormones to maintain homeostasis. Different terpenes offer different benefits. Besides limonene, camphene and humulene, there is Myrcene (anti-inflammatory), Alpha Bisabolol (anti-bacterial), Borneol (treats insomnia), Linalool (aids neural function), Terpineol (cleanses toxins), and many more. The pineapple express, a cannabis Sativa dominant strain, also works as an energy supplement to the body to fight chronic pain, depression, and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).

To conclude the article, we can say that the human body needs terpenes to maintain homeostasis and enhance metabolism. You can comfortably take a walk in your local forest or park as a natural terpene intake through aromatherapy.

About the Author

Jessica has been closely studying the cannabis industry trends from quite some time. Intrigued by the booming growth of this sector, she takes an interest in penning down her views providing quality insight on current marijuana trends, particularly medical cannabis.