Marijuana Effects: 7 Scientific Studies About Marijuana You Don't Know

Marijuana Effects: 7 Scientific Studies About Marijuana You Don't Know

June 13, 2017

Marijuana Effects: 7 Scientific Studies About Marijuana You Don't Know

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1. Cannabis for PTSD Treatment Study Approved by the DEA

The first randomized, controlled, research for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder that will use the actual cannabis plant and not just oils or synthesized cannabis has been given the okay by the Drug Enforcement Agency.

The research’s nonprofit sponsor, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS), says that the approval gives the researchers permission to buy cannabis from the National Institute of Drug Abuse. Then once the cannabis has been purchased they can begin recruiting and enrolling entrants, which can happen as early June. The participants will include 76 veterans with treatment-resistant PTSD, and the study will use various strains and potency for comparison.

MAPS was awarded a 2 million dollar grant in Colorado in 2014 and then another 5.6 million dollars to several other organizations to support medical marijuana research.

Marcel Bonn-Miller with the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine is overseeing the project. There will also be work conducted at the University of Colorado School of Medicine.

Read the original article here

 

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2. Study Finds No Increase In Commonness of Cannabis Use Disorders

A new study in JAMA Psychiatry dismissed a report published last fall stating that 3 out of 10 consumers of cannabis experience a use-disorder. The report had also stated that marijuana use had doubled from the years 2002-2013, which was proven to be extremely wrong.

Trends in cannabis use and the commonness of cannabis use disorders were assessed at the Washington School of Medicine in St. Louis from the years 2002-2013. The researchers found that there was a 19 percent increase of self-reported adult users, however the cannabis related problems reported actually decreased or stayed steady. These were the accurate statistics.

The lead researcher noted “Certainly, some people are having problems so we should remain vigilant, but the sky isn’t falling.”

Separate assessments of cannabis use by younger populations have shown rates of use by high-school students is notably lower today as compared to 15 years ago.

Read the original article here.

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3. Cannabis Might Reduce Dopamine Levels, Study Says

The Marijuana effects. A new study is showing that heavy, long-term cannabis use might affect the dopamine system. Dopamine is the neurotransmitter responsible for movement, emotion and memory. A depletion of dopamine being produced in the body can lead to Parkinson’s disease.

The team of researchers are trying to figure out if cannabis has the same effects on the dopamine levels as heavy use of harder drugs which have been tested and show definitely to lower the dopamine release.

The researchers studied 11 adults aged 21-40 who used cannabis heavily everyday. They all had started using by the age 16, had become dependent by the age of 20, and had been dependent for around 7 years. Then they matched the adults with a control group of 12 non-cannabis users. Almost all of the participants in the study smoked cannabis daily during the month leading up to the study.

The groups were monitored using positron emission tomography (PET) scans which tracked a radiotracing molecule that binds to the dopamine receptors. They were able to track readings from the areas of the brain such as: the striatum, thalamus, midbrain, and the globus pallidus.

The participants were given oral amphetamines both before and after their brains were scanned to draw out dopamine release.

Their findings were that compared with the control group the cannabis users did have lower release of dopamine in the striatum and globus pallidus. They do state that they do not know whether the decreased dopamine was pre-existing or due to cannabis use.

My Opinion: These studies need to be done, however they need to be more well rounded. It seems like this study was heavily steered to make cannabis look the same as cocaine and heroine, which it is not. Here is a question that needs to be posed- if cannabis is so bad for the dopamine system, then why do people with Parkinson’s and Tourette’s syndromes find relief from cannabis? I hope they keep these tests up and I hope that they keep it ethical and unbiased. Cannabis does a lot of good for people and if we figure out the appropriate dosing, how much is too much and too little, then we can advance this plant so much farther. 

Read the original article here.

 

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4. Does Cannabis Slow down Your Metabolism?

Marijuana legalization opened the door to investigate and trying to proof many studies and theories about Marijuana effects. And here is just one of them. There are many different types of metabolic disorders caused for a variety of reasons.  Researchers are always gaining new insight into the effects of cannabis on the body even with the limited opportunities available for conducting new research.  Studies have shown CBD is an appetite suppressant while THC is an appetite stimulant.

It is interesting in cannabis to consider that these two molecules send conflicting messages to the brain. On average, marijuana users eat 600 more calories per day than non-marijuana users.  University of Miami found last year that marijuana users were 54% less likely to suffer from metabolic syndrome than those who don't use the herb.

Metabolic syndrome is when high blood pressure, high blood sugar, abnormal cholesterol, and excess body fat around the waist all occur at the same time.  When a person has metabolic syndrome, they are at an increased risk for other health complications such as stroke, diabetes, and heart disease.

Regular users of cannabis may develop a tolerance.  Tolerance for THC may be what helps to keep metabolism in check because a tolerance would indicate a steady level of THC being consumed by the user.

I feel strongly the United States needs to remove cannabis from being scheduled at all. Presently cannabis is listed as schedule 1 meaning it has no medicinal value.  Clearly from the limited research that has been able to be performed, medical benefits do exist.  Cancer.gov, a government website, even mentions that THC has been shown to kill cancerous cells while not harming healthy cells.  If cannabis were to be removed from the schedule system, research could be performed, and an even greater understanding of the medicinal benefits along with any negatives could be more adequately measured.  Reach out to your legislators and tell them it is time to end prohibition in the United States. Metabolic Syndrome only scratches the surface of what cannabis can help prevent. 

Read the original article here. Also check the study here.

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5. Inhaling Correctly for Better Marijuana Consumption

Many out there believe that the larger the inhale, the more THC you’ll be getting, and therefore the more the psychedelic effects. Apparently this is a waste of precious cannabis and there is a better technique. 

So to understand the technique and why it works first it helps to explain some of what is happening when you take that hit. 

You inhale and THC absorption doesn’t start until the smoke has passed the first bronchial split from the trachea and goes into the lungs where it enters the air sacs called alveoli. 

It’s then where the cannabinoids, THC or CBD, are transferred into the bloodstream, pushed through the heart and then to the brain. 

This entire process can take under a minute.

The reason for believing that much is being wasted is because nothing is being absorbed above the first bronchial split, or it is more than the capacity of the lungs. It’s not getting to your body so it’s just getting blown out. Which brings us to a suggested way of inhaling to help keep from wasting that oh so precious flower. 

Slowly draw from the vape, pipe, or joint for two-thirds of the hit and then finish that inhale with fresh air on top. Breathe in deep and then let it out. This is a little different from holding your breath and you aren’t losing as much as usual. 

Read the original article here.

 

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6. Athletes’ New Workout Tool

Many residents of a now legalized recreational state are wondering if it is safe to incorporate marijuana into their exercise. However there is not large amount of evidence about marijuana and its effects on the human body.

But professional athlete, Robert Szatkwski or as he is known in the ring, Rob Van Dam has provided his body as testimony. Rob has been a professional wrestler for more than two decades. He has once held the Extreme Championship Wrestling and World Wrestling Entertainment championship simultaneously. Rob says that he doesn’t think of marijuana as a performance enhancer but yet as a life enhancer that has formed a real part of his daily life. He has been known to smoking throughout the day and it has helped him in thinking positive vibes as performing in front of millions of people can be very pressuring.

The agreement that marijuana can put users in a positive and relaxed mindset is also a reason that marijuana can be a performance enhancing drug. It can provide athlete serenity and confidence.

However some studies say otherwise. In 2006, an article in British Journal of Sports Medicine stated that marijuana created a certain heaviness, marked relaxation, and excessive fatigue of limbs with detrimental effects of the lungs.  Yet a study in 2012 by the Journal of the American Medical Association found that there was no evidence that marijuana adversely affects pulmonary function and that smoking also increased lung capacity.

Another athletic cannabis advocate is Ross Rebagliati. Rebagliati won the first Olympic gold medal ever for snowboarding n 1998 however it was taken away for a brief moment when he tested positive for marijuana. The official alter realized that it wasn’t yet on the list on banned substances. After that, he went into the medical marijuana business and has said that “the focus and motivation combined that cannabis provided gives you a better workout.”

Rebagliati said that it’s a natural way to spice up the repetitive workouts that athletes endure while also having the ability to become more focused.

One other athlete advocate is Cliff Robinson also known as Uncle Cliffy or Uncle Spliffy. Robinson had an 18 year career in the NBA and was the 1993 Sixth Man of the Year. He was suspended twice for marijuana use during his career. He has now planned to enter the Oregon market to produce marijuana for athletes.

Dam and Rebagliati revealed that marijuana comes in different strains and depending on the strain, some are better suited for high-energy activities while others for the classic “stoner” couch potato behavior. They also speculated that significant heart rate problems might be a result of consuming too much marijuana in given sessions and that athletes should just do one small puff to get started.

Read the original article here

 

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7. Is Cannabis Safer Than Alcohol?

Cannabis in many studies, has been proven in many occasions to be safer than alcohol. Depending on how you use it, you can just be as successful and as rich as your fellow man/woman.

A new study published to clinical psychological science journal, shows that there is a link between heavily smoking cannabis and economic and social problems, such as lower paid, less skills jobs, and cannabis users are not fulfilling their parents expectations. The study also shows that long term users pose a threat in the workplace, as yard more likely to lie to get the job and are more likely to steal once they succeed getting the placement. It is believed that if cannabis was to be legalized, the economic and social burden from cannabis users could increase as well.

From my experience as a cannabis user, cannabis has never posed a threat to my social and economic stature. The thing people forget about cannabis is that it not only used to get you high. Form a young age, I have always suffered with anxiety and getting up and out of the house. I quit college, hoping something would come to help change my life. I have always found that cannabis always gives me the confidence I need and suppresses all anxious feelings. The difference is, I don't smoke to get high. For me, one puff is enough. Cannabis is part of my day to day life, and no longer gives me a buzz, but instead a medicinal effect.

I do believe that you can become addicted to cannabis, the same way that you can with anything satisfying, and like any addiction it can take you to a bad place. However, unlike tobacco and alcohol addicts, help isn't as openly available for those using cannabis due to bad stigma towards the cannabis community. 

As cannabis becomes more widely available, and more countries begin to legalize, cannabis users will no longer feel like criminals and addicts can seek the help they need. Even if cannabis becomes legal all over the world, the best piece of advice is to take a tolerance break.

Read the original article here.

 

 




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